Location:  Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam
Geographic coordinates: 2 30 N, 112 30 E
Map references: Southeast Asia
Area total: 329,750 sq km
land: 328,550 sq km
water: 1,200 sq km
Land boundaries: total: 2,669 km
border countries: Brunei 381 km, Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km
Coastline:  4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)
Climate:  tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons
Terrain: coastal plains rising to hills and mountains
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m
Natural resources: tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite
Population:  33.5 million (July 2021 est.)
Age structure:  0-14 years: 26.8% (male 4,504,562/female 4,246,681)

15-24 years: 16.63% (male 2,760,244/female 2,670,186)

25-54 years: 40.86% (male 6,737,826/female 6,604,776)

55-64 years: 8.81% (male 1,458,038/female 1,418,280)

65 years and over: 6.9% (male 1,066,627/female 1,184,863) (2020 est.)

Birth rate: 14.72 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate 5.66 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Nationality:  noun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian
Ethnic groups:  Bumiputera 62.5% (Malays and indigenous peoples), Chinese 20.6%, Indian 6.2%, other 0.9%, non-citizens 9.8% (2019 est.)
Religions: Muslim, Buddhist,Hindu, Christian, Daoist, Sikh; note – in addition, Shamanism is practiced in East Malaysia
Languages: Bahasa Melayu (official), English, Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
note: in addition, in East Malaysia several indigenous languages are spoken, the largest are Iban and Kadazan
Country name:  conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Malaysia
former: Federation of Malaysia
Government type:  constitutional monarchy
Capital:  Kuala Lumpur
note: Putrajaya is referred to as administrative center not capital; Parliament meets in Kuala Lumpur
Administrative divisions:  13 states (negeri-negeri, singular – negeri) Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, and Terengganu; and one federal territory (wilayah persekutuan) with three components, city of Kuala Lumpur, Labuan, and Putrajaya
Independence:  31 August 1957 (from UK)
National holiday:  Independence Day/Malaysia Day, 31 August (1957)
Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the federation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Flag description:  14 equal horizontal stripes of red (top) alternating with white (bottom); there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a yellow crescent and a yellow 14-pointed star; the crescent and the star are traditional symbols of Islam; the design was based on the flag of the US
GDP (purchasing power parity):  $855.6 billion note: data are in 2017 dollars (2020 est.)
GDP – real growth rate:  4.31% (2019 est.)
GDP – per capita:  $26,400 note: data are in 2017 dollars (2020 est.)
GDP – composition by sector:  agriculture: 8.8% (2017 est.)
industry: 37.6% (2017 est.)
services: 53.6% (2017 est.)
Budget:  revenues: 51.25 billion (2017 est.)
expenditures: 60.63 billion (2017 est.)
Public debt:  54.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
Agriculture – products:  oil palm fruit, rice, poultry, eggs, vegetables, rubber, coconuts, bananas, pineapples, pork
Industries:  Peninsular Malaysia – rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, petroleum and natural gas, light manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, medical technology, electronics and semiconductors, timber processing;Sabah – logging, petroleum and natural gas production;Sarawak – agriculture processing, petroleum and natural gas production, logging
Exports:  $207.37 billion note: data are in current year dollars (2020 est.)
Exports – commodities:  integrated circuits, refined petroleum, natural gas, semiconductors, palm oil (2019)
Exports – partners:  Singapore 13%, China 13%, United States 11%, Hong Kong 6%, Japan 6%, Thailand 5% (2019)
Imports:  $185.59 billion note: data are in current year dollars (2020 est.)
Imports – commodities:  integrated circuits, refined petroleum, crude petroleum, broadcasting equipment, coal (2019)
Imports – partners:  China 24%, Singapore 14%, Japan 6%, United States 6%, Taiwan 5%, Thailand 5% (2019)
Currency code:  MYR
Fiscal year: calendar year
Telephone system:  general assessment:one of the most advanced telecom networks in the developing world; strong commitment to developing a technological society; Malaysia is promoting itself as an information tech hub in the Asian region; closing the urban rural divide; 4G and 5G networks with strong competition, mobile dominance over fixed-broadband; government development of five-year fiber and connectivity plan; some of Malaysia’s key exports are integrated circuits and broadcasting equipment to North America and China; importer of integrated circuits from Singapore and China (2021)

domestic: fixed-line 20 per 100 and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 140 per 100 persons; domestic satellite system with 2 earth stations (2019)

international: country code – 60; landing points for BBG, FEA, SAFE, SeaMeWe-3 & 4 & 5, AAE-1, JASUKA, BDM, Dumai-Melaka Cable System, BRCS, ACE, AAG, East-West Submarine Cable System, SEAX-1, SKR1M, APCN-2, APG, BtoBe,  BaSICS, and Labuan-Brunei Submarine and MCT submarine cables providing connectivity to Asia, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Australia and Europe; satellite earth stations – 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean, 1 Pacific Ocean); launch of Kacific-1 satellite in 2019 (2019)

Broadcast media: state-owned TV broadcaster operates 2 TV networks with relays throughout the country, and the leading private commercial media group operates 4 TV stations with numerous relays throughout the country; satellite TV subscription service is available; state-owned radio broadcaster operates multiple national networks, as well as regional and local stations; many private commercial radio broadcasters and some subscription satellite radio services are available; about 55 radio stations overall (2019)
Internet country code:  .my
Internet users:  total: 25,829,444
percent of population: 81.2% (July 2018 est.)
Railways:  total: 1,851 km (2014)
standard gauge: 59 km 1.435-m gauge (59 km electrified) (2014)
narrow gauge: 1,792 km 1.000-m gauge (339 km electrified) (2014)
Roadways:  total: 144,403 km (excludes local roads) (2010)
paved: 116,169 km (includes 1,821 km of expressways) (2010)
unpaved: 28,234 km (2010)
Waterways:  7,200 km (Peninsular Malaysia 3,200 km; Sabah 1,500 km; Sarawak 2,500 km) (2011)
Airports:  total: 114 (2013) – 39 with paved runways
Ports and terminals:  major seaport(s): Bintulu, Johor Bahru, George Town (Penang), Port Kelang (Port Klang), Tanjung Pelepas

container port(s) (TEUs): Port Kelang (Port Klang) (13,580,717), Tanjung Pelepas (9,100,000) (2019)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Bintulu (Sarawak)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Sungei Udang

Source: CIA Factbook